WAEC GCE 2020 – COMMERCE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ( Objective & Essay)

 

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Saturday 12th Dec. 2020

Paper II & I: Objective & Essay – Commerce
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Commerce-Answers

Commerce-Obj
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(5ai)
Bank credit refers to the amount of credit available to a business or individual from a banking institution in the form of loans.

(5aii)
Trade credit is the loan extended by one trader to another when the goods and services are bought on credit

(5b)
(i)stake exchange market
(ii)loans
(iii)overdraft
(iv)treasuring bearer bonds
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(6a)
(i) Toursim attracts foreigners which results in Increase in foreign exchange revenue
(ii) Tourism helps in development of infrastructure and services which helps in the growth of commerce
(iii) Tourism brings foreign investors
(iv) Through Tourism, countries earns money
(v) Tourism creates market awareness to tourists.

(6b)
(i) Inflation: If a country’s inflation rate increases relative to the countries with which it trades, its current account will be expected to decrease, other things being equal. Consumers and corporations in that country will most likely purchases more goods overseas (due to high local inflations), while the country’s exports to other countries will decline.

(ii) National Income: If a country’s income level (national income) increases by a higher percentage than those of other countries, its current account is expected to decrease, other things being equal. As the real income level (adjusted for inflation) rises, so does consumption of goods. A percentage of that increase in consumption will most likely reflect an increased demand for foreign goods.

(iii) Government Policies: A country’s government can have a major effect on its balance of trade due to its policies on subsidizing exporters, restrictions on imports, or lack of enforcement on piracy.

(iv) Subsidies for Exporters: Some governments offer subsidies to their domestic firms, so that those firms can produce products at a lower cost than their global competitors. Thus, the demand for the exports produced by those firms is higher as a result of subsidies.

(v) Restrictions on Imports: If a country’s government imposes a tax on imported goods (often referred to as a tariff), the prices of foreign goods to consumers are effectively increased. Tariffs imposed by the U.S. government are on average lower than those imposed by other governments. Some industries, however, are more highly protected by tariffs than others. American apparel products and farm products have historically received more protection against foreign competition through high tariffs on related imports.
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(3a)
(i) Connect with your broker
(ii) Claim investigation begins
(iii) Your policy is reviewed.
(iv) Damage evaluation is conducted.
(v) Payment is arranged.

(3b)
[Pick any four]
(i) Provide safety and security:
Insurance provide financial support and reduce uncertainties in business and human life.

(ii) Generates financial resources:
Insurance generate funds by collecting premium. These funds are invested in government securities and stock.

(iii) Life insurance encourages savings:
Insurance does not only protect against risks and uncertainties, but also provides an investment channel too.

(iv) Promotes economic growth:
Insurance generates significant impact on the economy by mobilizing domestic savings.

(v) Medical support:
A medical insurance considered essential in managing risk in health.
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(7a)
(i) The European Union helps in establishing an area of freedom, security and justice without internal borders.
(ii)Developing an internal market where competition is free, within the framework of a social economy market whose aim is full employment.
(iii)Creating a sustainable development with an economic growth capable of fulfilling the well-being needs of our society in the short, medium and, especially, long term.
(iv)Promoting social justice and protection, equality between women and men, solidarity between generations and, protection of children’s rights.
(v)Promoting economical, social and territorial cohesion and solidarity among Member States.

(7b)
(i)The West African Clearing House promotes the use of members’ currencies for sub-regional trade and other transactions.
(ii)It encourage members to liberalize trade among their respective countries and promote monetary cooperation and consultation among them.
(iii)It brings about economics in the use of the foreign reserves of the member countries.
(iv)It brings about savings in the use of members’ foreign reserves.
(V)It also engages in collecting, storing and disseminating statistical information for member Central Banks
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(1a)
(i) Insufficient capital: African countries lack sufficient capital to cope with the expanding nature of business activities; the level of capital formation is low.
(ii) Political instability: Constant change of government and war has hindered investment in West-Africa. Foreign investors are afraid to invest in the sub-region.
(iii) Low savings: The culture of saving is very low in West Africa and Africa as a whole; hence there is no money for commercial transactions.
(iv) Low per capital income: Per capita income is very low. Majorly of people in this region are living below the poverty line. The low level of income leads to low purchasing power for the people.
(v) Lack of adequate commercial facilities: The various aids to trade, such as banks’, insurance, warehouses, and tourism are not well developed and this has greatly hindered commerce.

(1b)
(i) Oke’s school result could be a determinant to the type of job he could secure
(ii) Oke’s behavior or attitude is another factor.
(iii) His communication skills
(iv) Oke’s insight could determine the type of job he will get
(v) Creativity is another factor that can determine the type of job Oke could get
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(4a)
A partnership is a formal arrangement by two or more parties to manage and operate a business and share its profits.

(4b)
Pick any six
(i) Active/Managing Partner.
(ii) Sleeping Partner.
(iii) Nominal Partner.
(iv) Partner by Estoppel.
(v) Partner in Profits only.
(vi) Minor Partner.
(vii) Secret Partner.
(viii) Outgoing partner.

(4c)
(i) Loss of profits or declaration of bankruptcy.
(ii) Illegal activities or violations.
(iii) Merging of a partnership with a larger entity.
(iv) Changes of the business’ registration status (such as switching to a corporation)

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